Corona Virus: What is it?

The newest virus to spread around the world, COVID-19 is a virus causing much panic.  Symptoms include a fever, coughing, and shortness in breath and will appear after 2-14 days of exposure. If symptoms get worse, please consult a medical professional. Try to maintain good health practices, namely, wear a mask don’t touch your face, wash your hands frequently, and avoid physical contact with other people.

Learn more at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html

The effects of the virus:

Since the original outbreak in November of 2019 (hence the name) the COVID-19 has spread to all over the world, causing shutdowns, mask mandates, millions on cases and deaths, long lasting symptoms, and the permanent closure of many businesses. While some countries have been able to keep cases low. Other countries have struggled to contain the virus. This is where vaccines come to the resuce.

Learn more at: https://www.cnn.com/interactive/2020/health/coronavirus-maps-and-cases/

The upcoming vaccines

With the outbreak many major vaccine companies raced to develop a vaccine that would have minimal side effects with maximum protection. However, due to the crazy circumstances, the process that normially takes years only took one.  The reason for this is that before the virus can be released, two major steps have to be completed, animal testing and clinical trials. Usually in these steps, it ends with a phase where the FDA reviews how it went and a two year extended watch on symptoms. Instead of watching the entire 2 years, only the first couple monthes where observed. The clinical trial patients will still be observed for future symptoms, but at the same time with the vaccine being administered. The FDA instead of checking things at the end, followed along with the trials and gave approval as the trials went.

Learn more at: https://www.pfizer.com/health/coronavirus

https://www.modernatx.com/modernas-mrna-technology

https://www.aarp.org/health/drugs-supplements/info-2020/coronavirus-vaccine-safety.html

How do mRNA vaccines work?

The two main vaccines are both mRNA vaccines. mRNA vaccines are a new kind vaccines that have been under work for years. How mRNA vaccines work is that they contain mRNA, a sequence of information that codes for a specific. This protein helps the cells develop a resistance to the virus. The end results is the same as normal vaccines, but this time it skips the weak infection. However, these vaccines can denature or fall apart. In order to minimize the falling apart of the mRNA, the vaccines are kept at extremely cold temperatures.

Learn more at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/different-vaccines/mrna.html